Kako izraditi React Native App i integrirati je s Firebaseom

U ovom ćemo uputstvu izraditi React Native aplikaciju koja je integrirana s Firebase pozadinom. Aplikacija će podržavati React Native CLI kao i Expo CLI.

Ovaj udžbenik React Native Firebase pokrivat će glavne značajke kao što su provjera autentičnosti, registracija i CRUD operacije baze podataka (Firestore).

Puni izvorni kod također možete preuzeti s Githuba ako želite skočiti ravno u kôd.

Ovaj će vas vodič provesti kroz detalje sljedećih odjeljaka:

  1. Izrada Firebase projekta
  2. Izrada i konfiguriranje nove React Native aplikacije
  3. Postavljanje strukture mapa, ruta i navigacije
  4. Implementacija korisničkog sučelja za prijavu, registraciju i početne zaslone
  5. Registracija s Firebase auth
  6. Prijavite se pomoću Firebase auth
  7. Trajne vjerodajnice za prijavu
  8. Zapisivanje i čitanje podataka iz Firebase Firestorea

Bez daljnjega, krenimo s izradom React Native Firebase projekta. Konačna mobilna aplikacija izgledat će ovako:

reagirati nativni firebase

1. Stvorite Firebase projekt

Idite na Firebase.com i stvorite novi račun. Jednom prijavljeni, moći ćete stvoriti novi projekt u Firebase Consoleu.

  • Stvorite novi račun na Firebase.com
  • Stvorite novi projekt u Firebase Consoleu
  • Omogućite metodu autorizacije e-pošte i lozinke u Firebase Console -> Autentifikacija -> Način prijave
  • Izradite novu iOS aplikaciju s App ID-om com.reactnativefirebase
  • (Izborno) Izradite novu Android aplikaciju s nazivom paketa com.reactnativefirebase
  • Preuzmite konfiguracijsku datoteku generiranu u sljedećem koraku na svoje računalo ( GoogleService-Info.plist za iOS i google-services.json za Android)

Firebase vam omogućuje izradu aplikacija bez pozadine . To je proizvod koji se pokreće na vrhu Google Cloud-a i omogućuje programerima izradu web i mobilnih aplikacija bez potrebe za vlastitim poslužiteljima.

To štedi puno vremena jer ne trebate pisati nikakav pozadinski kôd. Također je vrlo skalabilan, a podržava ga Googleova infrastruktura.

U Firebaseu ćete moći pohraniti sve što je potrebno za vašu aplikaciju - korisnike, podatke, datoteke, tokene push obavijesti itd. Sve ove informacije dostupne su mobilnim klijentima putem Firebase SDK-a koji su kompatibilni s React Native . To znači da su sve interakcije sa pozadinom apstrahirane i uvrštene u SDK, tako da se programeri za mobilne uređaje ne trebaju brinuti o API pozivima, raščlanjivanju podataka, upravljanju utičnicama itd.

2. Stvorite i konfigurirajte novu reaktivnu nativnu aplikaciju

Učinit ćemo našu React Native Firebase aplikaciju kompatibilnom s Expo CLI i React Native CLI.

Za sada ćemo koristiti Expo, jer pridošlicama olakšava pregled svojih aplikacija. Ali nećemo koristiti nikakve Expo biblioteke, tako da se src kod može jednostavno koristiti u bilo kojoj React Native aplikaciji, bez obzira na skelu.

Koristit ćemo Firebase Web SDK, koji je kompatibilan s Expo i React Native CLI, a izravno ga podržava Google.

Ako umjesto toga želite koristiti response-native-firebase, slobodno to instalirajte i konfigurirajte (kôd će i dalje biti isti). Ali imajte na umu da ga ne preporučujemo iz nekoliko razloga:

  • Google to izravno ne podržava, pa će održavanje biti puno teže s obzirom na to da je riječ o dodatnom sloju koji može uzrokovati pogreške i
  • također ne radi s Expo-om, koji mnogim programerima može predstavljati prekid posla.

Sljedeći koraci također su pokriveni službenom React Native dokumentacijom o postavljanju vašeg razvojnog okruženja.

  • Instalirajte Expo CLI

Jednostavno pokrenite u svom terminalu

npm install -g expo-cli
  • Izradite novu React Native aplikaciju pokretanjem
expo init react-native-firebase 

Za predložak odaberite Upravljani tijek posla  -  prazno

  • Pokrenite aplikaciju pokretanjem
yarn ios // or yarn android 

Ovo će vam također predstaviti QR kod koji možete skenirati pomoću aplikacije Camera na iOS-u ili Expo aplikacije na Androidu.

Ovo je super. Sada imamo novu aplikaciju React Native, koja radi na iOS-u i Androidu. Počnimo ga povezivati ​​s Firebaseovom pozadinom.

  • Dodajte Firebase SDK u projekt React Native
yarn add firebase 
  • Pokretanjem dodajte knjižnicu React Native Navigation
yarn add @react-navigation/native && yarn add @react-navigation/stack && expo install react-native-gesture-handler react-native-reanimated react-native-screens react-native-safe-area-context @react-native-community/masked-view
  • Dodajte razne komponente i pakete korisničkog sučelja koji će se koristiti u projektu
yarn add react-native-keyboard-aware-scroll-view base-64 

Stvorite Firebase konfiguracijsku datoteku

mkdir src src/firebase && touch src/firebase/config.js

Dodajte svoju konfiguraciju firebasea u src / firebase / config.js:

You can get all this information from Firebase Console -> Project Settings

3. Create the Folder Structure and Set Up Routes and Navigation

  • Create the folder structure by running
mkdir src/screens src/screens/LoginScreen src/screens/RegistrationScreen src/screens/HomeScreen
  • Create the files structure by running
touch src/screens/index.js src/screens/LoginScreen/LoginScreen.js src/screens/LoginScreen/styles.js src/screens/RegistrationScreen/RegistrationScreen.js src/screens/styles.js src/screens/HomeScreen/HomeScreen.js src/screens/HomeScreen/styles.js
  • Add this code to src/screens/index.js
export { default as LoginScreen } from './LoginScreen/LoginScreen' export { default as HomeScreen } from './HomeScreen/HomeScreen' export { default as RegistrationScreen } from './RegistrationScreen/RegistrationScreen' 

Don’t worry if the project is broken! Everything will make sense in a little while.

  • Set up the routes & navigators

Override App.js file with the following code snippet:

4. Implement the UI

Now that we have the scaffold of the app, let’s go ahead and implement the UI components of all screens. We’re not going into the details of flex layout and React Native styling, since that is outside the scope for this tutorial. We’re going to focus mostly on React Native Firebase integration.

Simply override the files as follows:

  • src/LoginScreen/LoginScreen.js
  • src/LoginScreen/styles.js
  • src/RegistrationScreen/RegistrationScreen.js
  • src/RegistrationScreen/styles.js
  • src/HomeScreen/HomeScreen.js
  • src/HomeScreen/styles.js

At this point, your app should run properly and display the following screens (UI only):

reagiraj nativni firebase aut

You can switch between the two screens by tapping the links buttons in the footer.

Now that we have a beautiful UI for login and sign up, let’s see how we can integrate our React Native (and Expo) app with Firebase.

5. React Native Firebase — Registration

Let’s start with creating a new account with Firebase Auth, since naturally login comes after. For this, we are going to add the Firebase logic for creating a new account with email & password in RegistrationScreen.js, by implementing the onRegisterPress method as follows:

In the account creation flow above, we do a few important things:

  • We call Firebase Auth’s createUserWithEmailAndPassword API (line 13), which creates a new account that will show up in Firebase Console -> Authentication table.
  • If the account registration was successful, we also store the user data in Firebase Firestore (line 24). This is necessary for storing extra user information, such as full name, profile photo URL, and so on, which cannot be stored in the Authentication table.
  • If registration was successful, we navigate to the Home Screen, by passing in the user object data as well.
  • If any error occurs, we simply show an alert with it. Errors can be things such as no network connection, password too short, email invalid, and so on.

Reload your app and test the registration. If you successfully created one account, check that it shows up in Firebase Console ->Authentication:

6. React Native Firebase — Login

Now that we are able to create new accounts, let’s implement the login functionality. Firebase SDK takes care of all the authorization and authentication steps needed for a secure login.

Open LoginScreen.js, import firebase and complete the onLoginPress method:

Reload your app and go ahead and login with an existing account. The app should take you to the home screen if the credentials were correct, or it will alert you with an error if anything went wrong.

7. Persist Login Credentials

You’ll notice that if you quit the app and open it again, it will show the login screen again. For a good user experience, we’d want to land all logged in users on the Home screen. No one wants to type in their login credentials every time they want to use an app.

This is also known as persistent login. Fortunately, Firebase SDK takes care of this for us, dealing with all the security concerns. Persistent login is enabled by default in Firebase, so all we need to do is fetch the currently logged in user.

Open App.js and let’s implement the persistent login feature:

onAuthStateChanged returns the currently logged in user. We then fetch all the extra user data that we stored in Firestore, and set it on the current component’s state. This will re-render the app component, which will display the Home screen.

Notice how we call this the first time the app loads by leveraging the useEffect hook.

8. Writing and Reading Data from Firebase Firestore

We’ve already used Firestore above, for saving extra information on our users (the full name). In this dedicated section, we’re going to see how we can write data to Firestore, and how we can query it.

We’ll also cover how to observe (listen to) changes in the Firestore collection and have those be reflected on the screen, in real-time. These can be very helpful in real-time apps, such as a React Native Chat.

To simplify, we are going to save some text items into a Firestore collection named “entities”. Think of these as tasks, posts, tweets, anything you want. We’ll create a simple file that adds a new entity and we’ll also list all the entities that belong to the currently logged in user. Additionally, the list will be updated in real-time.

  • Implement HomeScreen.js by rewriting it to the code below
  • Style the home screen, by overriding HomeScreen/styles.js to:
  • Reload the app and observe the new home screen. Type in some text and press the Add button
  • Nothing happened.
  • Create an index on the entities Firestore collection

You’ll notice that the list of entities is not rendered. If you check out the logs, you’ll see an warning about “The query requires an index”, followed by a long URL:

This informs us that we can’t query the entities table by authorID and sort the data by createdAt in descending order, unless we create an index. Creating an index is actually really easy — simply click on that URL and then click the button:

  • Reload the app again

Now everything works as expected:

  • The app lists all the entities in the entities collection, in descending creation order
  • Adding a new entity works fine
  • The list updates in real-time (try deleting an entry directly in the database, or adding a new one directly from the app)

This is how your Firestore database looks like now:

This is how you read and write from Firestore in React Native. Let’s move forward to the last section.

Play around with the app, by adding new entities. This is the final project:

Conclusion

Firebase makes it really easy to add authentication and database support to any React Native app. Firebase SDK is extremely powerful, supporting a lot of common reading and writing database patterns.

In addition to React Native, Firebase SDK provides support for a lot of other languages, such as Swift, Kotlin or Flutter. Check out those links for similar Firebase starter kits in various languages.

We’ve showcased the most basic ones in this React Native Firebase tutorial. In the next series, we’ll cover more advanced features, such as Firebase Storage (file upload) and push notifications.

Ako vam se svidio ovaj vodič, dajte mi zvjezdicu na Github repo-u i podijelite ga sa svojom zajednicom. Još više besplatnih React Native projekata možete provjeriti na Instamobileu. Živjeli!